The Japan–Taiwan Exchange Association (formerly named as the Interchange Association) was established as a foundation in 1972 by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (now the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry) following the normalization of relations between Japan and China. Its purpose was to develop and maintain practical links between Japan and Taiwan through facilitating the entry and stay of Japanese residents and tourists in Taiwan, the education of their children as well as strengthening academic and cultural ties, and developing trade, economic, and technology links between Japan and Taiwan. Subsequently, with the enactment of legislation relating to public interest corporations, the Association received approval from the Prime Minister to change its status to become a public interest incorporated foundation on April 1, 2012. On January 1, 2017, the Association was relaunched under its official name, the Japan–Taiwan Exchange Association.
The Japan–Taiwan Exchange Association consists of the Tokyo Head Office, the Taipei Office, and the Kaohsiung Office and is engaged in close cooperation with the Japanese government in various activities to maintain working relations with Taiwan even though there are no formal diplomatic ties between Japan and Taiwan. The activities of the Taipei and Kaohsiung offices are similar to those conducted by a regular Japanese diplomatic mission overseas. These include protecting Japanese nationals, issuing visas, developing economic and cultural relationships, managing coordination with Taiwanese stakeholders, and engaging in various research projects.